If we think about the use of LEI data mapping in the future, we can imagine scenarios in which banking applications communicate with servers or online applications (which will be common after the banking transformations opened up in the financial sector today). Each of these applications will be able to securely identify the company it is doing business with without the need for a human to perform manual checks and without the need to convert the information into another system. It also brings together ISO standards such as ISO 20022 in line with entity identification, allowing companies not only to accelerate their KYC and integration processes, but also to comply with the latest regulations. SWIFT Standards, a division of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT), is responsible for the registration of these codes. Since SWIFT initially introduced what was later standardised as Company Identification Codes (CIBs), they are still often referred to as SWIFT addresses or codes. Deutsche Bank uses an extended code of 11 characters and has assigned individual extended codes to branches or processing areas. This way, the payment can be routed to a specific office. For example, DEUTDEFF500 would forward the payment to a Deutsche Bank office in Bad Homburg. Nedbank has not implemented the 11-character extended code and all SWIFT transfers to their accounts are transferred to the head office for processing.
Transmission interfaces that require an 11-digit code would enter NEDSZAJJXXX. ISO 9362 defines a standard format of enterprise identification codes (also known as SWIFT-BIC, BIC, SWIFT ID or SWIFT code) approved by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). This is a unique identification code for financial and non-financial institutions.  The abbreviation SWIFT stands for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. ISO has designated SWIFT as the BIC registrar.  If the code is assigned to a non-financial institution, it can also be called a business entity identifier or EIB. These codes are used when transferring money between banks, especially for international transfers, as well as for the exchange of other messages between banks. Codes can sometimes be found on bank statements. The previous edition is ISO 9362:2009 (from 01.10.2009).
The SWIFT code consists of 8 or 11 characters and is composed of: Any company, regardless of region or industry, that performs entity identification has difficulty performing the checks because a company can be identified in different ways. Identifier mapping is like a translation service from different identification services to a unique identity service. However, translation services are not always accurate and companies have spent a lot of money on backend processes to make this mapping more accurate. Nedbank is a predominantly South African bank headquartered in Johannesburg. The SWIFT code of its main office is NEDSZAJJ: Note that a bank appears to have more than one bank ID in a particular country for separation purposes. Bank of East Asia separates its representative office in the United States and its operations based in the United States for local clients in BEASUS33xxx (depending on the code used in their country of origin) and BEAKUS33xxx, respectively. This is different from local operations in mainland China, which are also BEASCNxxxxx, which follow Hong Kong instead of having a separate identification code. The Global LEI Foundation (GLEIF) supports the assignment of such codes to the LEI. The certification LEI mapping service aims to ensure that authorities that map their own codes (such as SWIFT for BIC and ANNA for ISIN) to the LEI do so accurately. The BIC-LEI relationship file is based on a mapping process set up by SWIFT and certified by GLEIF.
It is published on the GLEIF website in CSV format (see “Related Links” below) and is updated monthly. As of February 2018, more than one million LEIs had been issued to legal entities worldwide. Of the approximately 130,000 BICs affected to date, approximately 45,000 are currently attributable to organizations that are foreign legal entities or branches and are therefore eligible for LEI assignment. There are more than 7,500 “live” codes (for partners actively connected to the BIC network) and about 10,000 additional BIC codes that can be used for manual transactions. Unlike translating the language itself, LEI mapping means a future where entity identification will be unambiguous or misunderstanding. Companies around the world can use legal entity identifiers to identify themselves to their partners and vice versa, so decisions can be made with certainty about reliable data. The confusion surrounding entity identification will disappear and organizations will be able to trust each other, regardless of the identifier they use. The financial crisis has highlighted the need for greater transparency and regulation in financial markets. Regulators around the world were asked to conduct a systemic risk analysis to understand the aggregate risks of companies and their counterparties across all asset classes and markets. Accurate and accurate identification of legal entities involved in financial transactions has therefore become crucial for financial institutions and regulators. The BIC-LEI relationship file is based on a mapping process set up by SWIFT and certified by GLEIF. It is published in CSV format and updated monthly.
Please note that opening the file in CSV format directly in the Microsoft Excel tool may result in errors in the LEI codes. Please refer to the `CSV Import Guide`, which can be downloaded at the end of this page. Dah Sing Bank is a bank based in Hong Kong and has five branches in mainland China (mainland China headquarters in Shenzhen). The SWIFT code of the Shanghai office is DSBACNBXSHA. It uses the code extended to 11 digits and SHA identifies the Shanghai office. The Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) is the 20-digit code that changes the way we identify legal entities around the world. Since the first edition of LEIs in 2012, they have become the standard connector for reference data for KYC/AML and counterpart identification. The legal entity identifier is the international standard ISO 17442.
LEIs are identification codes that allow for consistent and accurate identification of all legal entities involved in financial transactions, including non-financial institutions. They make it possible to accurately identify a legal part of a financial transaction. It is linked to a record of critical information about the trading entity, which may also include information about the entity`s final ownership. The Global Legal Entity Identifier Foundation (GLEIF) has published the first monthly relationship file that corresponds to a business identification code (BIC) assigned to an organization with its Legal Entity Identifier (LEI). With the introduction of this open source file, GLEIF and SWIFT have developed a cooperation model that, for the first time, allows market players to link and reference these identifiers of the most important entities free of charge. This will significantly streamline entity verification processes and reduce data management costs. Identifying entities can be a time-consuming, costly, and complex task. Relevant information is often stored in different internal and external systems and marked under different customer identification numbers. The open source BIC-LEI relationship file is an important step in consolidating information. This will significantly reduce the costs associated with entity verification so far.
At GLEIF, we are proud to offer this joint solution and I would like to thank SWIFT for the opportunity to work together. J: It depends on the content of the code whether the mapping adds value or not. For the mapping to have a value, there must be a logical relationship between the codes.